Meadowlarks are found in grassland habitats ranging from native prairie to abandoned fields and active pasture. They can tolerate some trees or shrubs in the fields but they generally avoid actively cropped lands unless there is a grassland component adjacent to it. Generally speaking, larger blocks of habitat are preferred, however, this species is capable of occupying much smaller patches of habitat including highway right-of ways.
Being a grassland bird, meadowlarks spend much of their time walking around on the ground out of sight, hidden by vegetation. They have conspicuous songs and will sing from elevated perches such as large boulders, shrub or tall plant stalks. In the modern rural and urbanizing landscapes this might include fence posts, hay bales or power lines.
Source:EcoMatters Special Bulletin: Winter 2011
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